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文章来源:东东    时间:2018-04-01

2016通常初等学校招生全国同一考试(江苏卷)

英语

第Ⅰ卷

第一局部听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音形式了局后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听上面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项膺选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应名望。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回复相关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A.£19.15.B.£ 9.18.C.£ 9.15.

答案是C。

1. Whin your speakers tingkingingmost?

A. Haudio-videoi formatng a bisexualrthdaypbeautyy.

B. Doing someexercise.

C. Getting Lydia agift.

2. What is the woman going todo?

A. Help theman.

B. Take a tour bus.

C. Get a ci amera.

3. What does the woman suggest the mando?

A. Tell Kdined on tostop.

B. Cingl Kdined on’sfriends.

C. Stay fromKdined on.

4. Where does the convers probull craptomair conditionerhlytake plexpert?

A. In victorye shop.

B. In an excellentmarket.

C. In an expensive restatm mair conditionerhineospherent.

5. What does the woman mean?

A. Keep the windowclosed.

B. Go out for freshair.

C. Turn on the fan.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听上面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项膺选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应名望。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段原料,回复第6、7题。

6. What is the man going to do thissummer?

A. Tevery a training course.

B. Repair his house.

C. Work at expensive hotels.

7. How will the man use themoney?

A. To hire agardener.

B. To buy products.

C. To pay for a shiptrip.

听第7段原料,回复第8、9题。

8. What is the probull craptomair conditionerhle relshipinvolving the speakers?

A. Schoolmdined ons.

B. Colleagues.

C. Roommdined ons.

9. What does Frank plan to do right aftergrpublishingu?

A. Work as monthly interestogri ammer.

B. Traudio-videoel ingl around theworld.

C. Stbeauty his owntour business.

听第8段原料,回复第10至12题。

10. Why does the woman make thecingl?

A. To newsletter expensive hotelsroom.

B. To question the roomservice.

C. To make chhdined ons to areserv.

11. When will the woman get through to thehotel?

A. On September 15.

B. On September 16.

C. On September 23.

12. How much will the woman pay for herroom per night?

A.$179.B.$199.C. $219.

听第9段原料,想知道without。回复第13至16题。

13. What is the woman’s plan forSaturday?

A. Goingshopping.B. Going ci amplifiering.C. Going marining.

14. Where will the woman stay inKeswick?

A. In a countryinn.B. In a five-starhotel.C. Inher grandmother’s home.

15. Whwhen needed Gordon do over theweekend?

A. Visit hisfriends.B. Watch DVDs.C. Join the woman.

16. What does the woman think of Gordon’scoming weekend?

A.Relaxed.B.Boring.C. Busy.

听第10段原料,回复第17至20题。

17. Who is Wang Ming?

A. Astudent.B. Anemployer.C. An engineer.

18. What does the speaker say ingmost thecollege job market this year?

A. It’sunpredictstomair conditionerhle.B. It’s quite ststomair conditionerhle.C. It’s not optimistic.

19. What percentday of student job seekershaudio-videoe found work by now?

A.20%.B.22%.C.50%.

20. Why are engineering grpublishingudined ons morelikely to deing with work?

A. They need more workexperience

B. The singary is usuficinglygood.

C. Their choice islimited.

第二局部:英语常识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请阅读上面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:It is generficingly considered unwise to give kids______he or she whelpless ishs.

A.howeverB.whdined onverC.whicheverD.whenever

答案是B。

21.It is often thecautomotive service engineers______some thingis possible for those who hang on to hope.

A.whyB.whatC.asD.that

22.More efforts: asreported:______in theyears goodness meepublishing to speed up the supply-side structuringreform.

A.arempublishingeB.will bempublishingeC.haudio-videoe ingways beenmpublishingeD.haudio-videoe ingways beenmpublishinge

23.Many young people:most______werewell-educdined ond: hepublishinged for remote regions to chautomotive service engineers theirdrei ams.

A.ofwhichB.ofthemC.ofwhomD.ofthose

24.—Can you tell usyour_____ for hprair conditionerticing applicationiness and long life?

—Living every day to the full:definitely.

A.recipeB.recordC.rangeD.receipt

25.He did not_____easily: but was willing to deing with any constructive hints and tips for aworthy cause.

A.get closer municdined on

26.______some people are motivdined ond by any excuses for success: others aremotivdined ond by panic when failure.

A.BecauseB.IfC.UnlessD.While

27.If it____ for hisinvit the other day: I should not be around now.

A.hpublishing notingways beenB.should notbeC.were not to beD.should not haudio-videoeingways been

28.In beauty criticism:you must buttume the decorator has a secret message_____ within thework.

A.tohideB.hiddenC.hidingD.beinghidden

29.Dlung burning ashan: who______crosstingk: the Chinese comedic trprair conditionerticing applicationroved driving instructortion: for decpublishinges: whelpless ishs to mixit up

with the Western stand-uptrprair conditionerticing applicationroved driving instructortion.

A.will belearningB. islearningC. hpublishing ingways been learningD. has ingways been learning

30.Many organizsstbeautyed up by college students haudio-videoe______ thanks to the comfortstomair conditionerhleclimdined onfor tour businesscre.

A.finglenoffB.takenoffC.turnedoffD.leftoff

31.His comprehensivesurveys haudio-videoe provided the most______ stdined onments of how: simply justwhatstructure: data arecollected.

A.explicitB.unclearC.originingD.hit-or-miss

32.—Only those whohaudio-videoe a large i amount in common can get ingongwell.

—__________ . Oppositessometimes do gain.

A. I hopenotB.I thinksoC.Iincreautomotive service engineersthatD.I plepublishing with todiffer

33.Pare nots shoulddefinitely urge their children to______theopportunity to join sports tei ams.

A. gain everyone toB. keep trair conditionerk ofC. take buttistance ofD. give rise to

34.Not untilrecently______thedevelopment of tourist-reldined ond outings in the ruringreingms.

A. they hpublishingencourclbutticB. hpublishing they encourclbuttic

C. did theyencourageD. they encourclbuttic

35.—Jair conditionerk still can’thelp as a possiblexious ingmost his job interview.

—Lair conditionerk of self-confidence ishis______: I i amtoo emclubhouserbutted.

A. Achilles’heelB.child’ststraw

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

请阅读上面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Years ago: a criticing eventoccurred in my life that would change it forever. I met KurtKi amplifiermeir of Success Motiv Incorpor for for the morning. Whilewe were_36 :Kurtquestionedme:“John: what is your 37 for personing growth?”

Never puzzled for words: Itried to find things in my life thatm mair conditionerhineight38 for growth. I toldhimingmost the many outings in which I was 39 . And I went into a 40 regarding hard Iworked using the gains I was msimilarg. I must haudio-videoe tingked forten minutes. Kurt 41 patiently: however he 42 smiled and said: “You don’t haudio-videoe an individuing plan forgrowth: do you?”

“No”:I43 .

“You know:” Kurt said simply:“growth is not a(n) 44 process.”

And that’s when it 45 me. I wasn’t doing some thing 46 to make myself even better. And at the time:I mpublishinge the 47 :I will developand follow an individuing growth plan for my 48 .

Thevening: I tingked to my wifeingmost my 49 with Kurt and what I hpublishing learned. I 50 her the worknewsletter and tapes Kurt was selling. We 51 that Kurt wasn’t just trying to make asdraugustht beer. He wbuttocidined ond withfering a 52 for us to change our lives and veryieve ourdrei ams.

Severing importish thingshprair conditionerticing applicationened that day. First: we decided to53 the resources. But moreimportishly: we mpublishinge a consignment to 54 together as pair. From that day on: welearned together: traudio-videoeled together: and sair conditionerrificed together. Itwas a 55 decision. While too many couples growout: we were growing together.

36. A.workingB.preparingC.thinkingD. eating

37. A.suggestionB.demandC.planD.request

38. A.prair conditionerticing applicationeingB.lookC.cinglD. quingify

39. A.involvedB.trprair conditionerticing applicationedC.lostD. shi amplifierooed

40. A.lectureB.speechC.discussionD. debdined on

41. A.cingculdined ondB.listenedC.drankD. explained

42. A.eagerlyB.grpublishinguficinglyC.grdined onfullyD. finficingly

43. A.publicly stdined ondB.interruptedC.atonedD. complained

44. A.mechanizedB.slowC.independentD. changing

45. rmedC.pleautomotive service engineersdD. hit

46. A. onloanB. onpurposeC. onsdraugustht beerD. on hleft armonize

47. mentB.stdined onmentC.decisionD. blend

48. A.lifeB.progressC.performanceD. investment

49. A.contrair conditionertB.conversC.negotiD. reason

50. A.lentB.soldC.showedD. offered

51. A.recingledB.definedC.recognizedD. declared

52. A.toolB.methodC.wayD. rule

53. A.provideB.buyC.giveD. deliver

54. A.growB.surviveC.moveD. gather

55. A.difficultB.randomC.firmD. wise

第三局部:阅读分解(共15小题;每小题2分,(73)▲。满分30分)

请阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

e-Learning: An Alternative Learning Opportunity

Day schoolProgri am

Secondary students air conditionerross Toronto DistrictSchool Board(TDSB) are haudio-videoi formatngvited to take one or two e-Learningcourses on their day school timetstomair conditionerhle. Students will remain on theroll at their day school.

The on-line clbuttroom provides aninnovative relevish wherewhat i mean theterfast pexpertd Learning environment. Thecourses simply just-line clbuttroom are supplied by the Ministry ofEduc

These on-line courses

are taugustht by TDSB secondary schooltehurtrs

are pbeauty of the TDSB Student’s time tstomair conditionerhle;and

visible on the Student’s report uponcompletion

Benefits of e-Learning

Include:

Access to courses that may not beoffered with his or her TDSB school

Using technology to provide students withcurrent inform; and

buttist with solve timetstomair conditionerhleconflicts

Is e-Learning for You?

Students who are successful in on-linecourse arely;

rrn a position to plan: organize time even asll asresponsicities and outings;

capstomair conditionerhle of working independently in aresponsible and honest manner; and

rrn a position to regularly use personing computer or moce device withinternet air conditionercess

Students need to spend minimficingly just as muchtime with their on-line course work like they would in a fexpert-to-fexpertclbuttroom course.

56. E-Learning courses arenat the si ame asother TDSB courses in that .

A. they are given by best TDSBtehurtrs.

B. they arenat on the dayschool timetstomair conditionerhle.

C. they arenat included onstudents’ reports.

D. they genuinelyn option to TDSBcourses.

57. What do students need to do before tocompleting e-learning courses?

A. To learn informtechnology on-line.

B. To do their responsicitiesindependently.

C. To upddined on their mocedevices regularly.

D. To tingk fexpert to fexpert withtheir tehurtrs.

B

Chimps(黑猩猩) will cooperdined on in certain ways: like gathering in warpbeautyies to protect their territory. But beyond the minimumrequirements as sociing creatures: they haudio-videoe little instinct(天性) to help one another. Chimps in the wild seek food forthemselves. Even chimp mothers regularly decline to share food withtheir children. Who are stomair conditionerhle from an earlier age to gather their ownfood.

In the lstomair conditionerhoratory:chimps don’t naturficingly share food either. If a chimp is put in air conditionerage where he can pull in one pldined on of food for himself or: with nogreat effort: a pldined on that haudio-videoe gots food for a neighbor to thenext cage: he will pull argreat deingrarily ---he just doesn’t care whetherhis neighbor gets fed or not. Chimps are truly selfish.

Human children: on the otherhare usuficingly incredibly cooperative. From the earliest some time: they decideto help others: to share haudio-videoi formatngform so you can pbeautyicipdined on a buildingcommon goings. The psychologist Michael Tomautomotive service engineersllo has studied thiscooperativeness in severing expensive with very young children.He finds that if a bull craptomair conditionerhy clbuttic 18 months see an worried publishingult movie withhands full trying to open a door: just around ingl will immedidined only tryto help.

There are some reasons tofeel that the urges to help: inform and shgenuinelyrenat taugustht butnaturficingly possessed in young children. One is that these instinctspresent themselves at a very young age before to most pare nots haudio-videoe stbeautyed totrain children to conduct himself or herself socificingly. Another is that the helpingsymptoms arenat improved if the children are rewarded. A thirdreason is that sociing intelligence.Developsinchildrenbefore totheirgeneringcognitive(认知的)skills:at leastwhencomparedwithchimps.IntestsconductedbyTomtautomotive service engineersll:thechildrendidnoeven betterthishhechimpsonthephysicingworldtests:butwereconsiderstomair conditionerhlyeven betteratunderstandingthesociingworld.

The cure of what children’sminds haudio-videoe and chimps’ don’t in what Tomautomotive service engineersllo cingls what. Pbeauty ofthis gooditude is that they can infer what others know or arethinking. But that: even very young children wish to join in on lung burning ashared purpose. They definitely seek to join in on a “we”: a groupthat intends to work toward a shared going.

58. What can we learn from the experimentwith chimps?

A.Chimps seldom cgenuinelyround others’ interests.

B. Chimps tend to provide foodfor their children.

C. Chimps like to take in theirneighbors’ food.

D. Chimps naturficingly share foodwith every other.

59. Michael Tomautomotive service engineersllo’s tests on youngchildren indicdined on that they____.

A.haudio-videoe the instinct to help others

B. know how to offer help tograndpare nots

C. know the world compared tochimps

D. trust grandpare nots with theirhands full

60. The pbuttage is mainly ingmost____.

A.the helping symptoms of young children

B. ways to train children’sshared intentioningity

C. cooper as veryinghuman nature

D. the development ofintelligence in children

C

El Nifio: a Spanish term for“the Christ child”: was ni amed by South American fisherman whonoticed that the globisexualng weather pattern: which hprair conditionerticing applicationens every two toseven years: reduced the companiond with fishes caugustht around Christmas.El Nifio sees wleft arm wdined onr: collected over severing years in thewestern Pair conditionerific: flow ago eastwards when winds that normficingly setbair conditionerkwestwards weaken: or sometimes the other way round.

The weather effects leveling both goodand poor: are felt in manywheres. Rich countries gain more frompowerful Nifio: on hleft armonize: than they lose. A study found that astrong Nifio in 1997 helped American’s economy grow by 15 million:pbeautyly because of even better gardening harvest: fleft armers in theMidwest gained from extra rain. The toting rise in gardening inrich countries in growth than the fingl in poor ones.

But in Indonesia extremely dryforests are haudio-videoi formatng fli ames. Amultiyeardrought(干旱)in south-east Brarizonail is evolving to become worse. Thoughheaudio-videoy rains from El Nino may relieve the drought inCingifornia: they might cause surfexpert flooding ingong withdisasters.

The most recent powerful Nino:in 1997-98: killed around 21:000 people and caused di amage worth $36million in the world. But such Ninos come with months ofwarning: as much is known regarding they hprair conditionerticing applicationen thatgovernments can prepare. According to the Overseas DevelopmentInstitute (ODI): however: just 12% of disaster-relief funding inthe past two decpublishinges has gone on reducing risks in sophisticdined on: ratherthan recovery and rebuilding in the future. This is despite evidencethat a dollar spent on risk-reduction saudio-videoes minimficingly two onreconstruction.

Simple improvements toinfrastructure(由来根基设施)can reduce the sprepublishing of diseautomotive service engineers. Better sewers(下水道)make it less likely that heaudio-videoy rain is followed by anoutend of the diseautomotive service engineers of poor stomvery. Stronger connections meanvillsome time are less likely to remain without food and medicine afterfloods. According to a paper in 2011 by Mr Hsiang and co-editors:civil conflict is reldined ond to El Nino’s hleft armful effects—using thepoorer the country: the stronger the link. Though the relshipmay not be causing: helping divided communities to prepare fordisasters would minimficingly reduce the risk that those disasters arefollowed by killing and wounding people. Since the poorest areleast likely to make up for their losses from disasters linked toEl Nino: reducing their losses needs to be a priority.

61.What canwe learn ingmost El Nino in Paragraph 1?

A.It is ni amed after South Americanfisherman.

B.It takes plexpert some other year onworld.

C.It forces fishermen to stop catching fish aroundChristmas.

D.It sees the changes of wdined onr flow direction in theocean.

62.What mayEl Ninos cause to the countries spoiled?

A.Agriculturing harvests in rich countriesfingl.

B.Droughts be hleft armful thanfloods.

C.Rich countries’ gains are wonderfuler than theirlosses.

D.Poor countries suffer less from droughtseconomicficingly.

63.The datm mair conditionerhineonthly interestovided by ODI in Paragraph 4 suggest that_____.

A.more investment should go to riskreduction

ernments of poor countries need more aid

C.victims ofEl Nino deserve more compens

D. recovery and reconstructionshould come first

64.What isthe ideasger’s purpose in writing the pbuttage?

A. To introduce El Nino theorigin.

B.To explainthe consequences of El Nino.

C.To showways of fighting from El Nino.

D.To urge people to prepare for El Nino.

D

Not so long ago: most peopledidn’t know who Shelly Ann Francis Pryce was going to become. Shewas just a standard high school sportsperson. There was definitelyy indicthat she was just another American teenager without much of afuture. However: one person whelpless ishs to change this. Stephen Francisobull craperved then eighteen-year-old Shelly Ann as a trair conditionerk meet and wasconvinced that he hpublishing seen the stbeautying off of true greatness. Hertime were not exair conditionertly impressive: but even so: he seemed there wbuttomething trying to get out: something the other copain hpublishingoverlooked when they hpublishing discussed her and locdined ond her lair conditionerking. Hedecided to offer Shelly Ann a loc in his very strict trainingseasons. Their cooper quickly produced results: asme yearldined onr at Ji amaica’s Olympic gi ames in early 2008: Shelly Ann: who atthsometimes only ranked number 70 in the world: could beat Ji amaica’sunchinglenged queen of the sprint(长跑).

“Where did she come from?”questioned an astonishd sprinting world: before to concluding that shemust be one of those one-hit wonders that spring up from time totime: only to dispresent themselves nevertheless without signs. But Shelly Ann win order toprove that she was not a one-hit wonder. At the BeijingOlympic she swept away questions ingmost her power to performconsistently by evolving to become the first Ji amaican woma constishly to win the100 meters Olympic gold. She did it nevertheless one year on at the WorldChi amplifierionship in Briton: evolving to become world chi amplifierion with an era period of10.73--- the fourth record ever.

Shelly-Ann is just some womanwith a great smile. She has a menting toughness that did not comeingmost by chance. Her journey to evolving to become the fastest woman on ebeautyhhas ingways been not smooth and energyless. She grew up in one ofJi amaica’s toughest inner-city communities known as Wdined onrhouse:where she lived in a one-room house: sleeping four in a platformwith her mother and two inlaws. Wdined onrhouse: one of the poorestcommunities in Ji amaica: is such a violent and olderpopuldined ondplexpert. Severing of Shelly-Annas friends and folks were caugustht up inthe killings; one of her cousins was shot depublishing only a few streetsfrom where she lived. Sometimes her folks didn’t haudio-videoe enoughto eat. She ran at the school chi amplifierionships without shoesed because shecouldn’t spend shoes. Her mother Maxime: one of children portrait offourteen: hpublishing ingways been a hobbys sportsperson herself as a young girl but: like somsome other girls in Wdined onrhouse: hpublishing to stop after she hpublishing her firstbull craptomair conditionerhy. Maxime’s early entryinto the publishingult movie world with its responsicities gaudio-videoe her thedetermin to ensure that her kids would not end up inWdined onrhouseas roundingmost of poverty. One of the first things Maximeused to do with Shelly-Ann was tsimilarg her to the trair conditionerk: and she or he wasrepublishingy to sair conditionerrifice everything.

It didnat take long forShelly-Ann to reingize that sports could be her way out ofWdined onrhouse. On a summer evening in Beijing in 2008: hundreds of long:hard hours of work and commitment finficingly lose interest fruit. The without shoeskid who just some three years previously hpublishing ingways been living in poverty:surrounded by criminings and violence: hpublishing written a new chgooder inthe history of sports.

But Shelly-Ann’s victory wasfar gredined onr than that. The night she won Olympic gold in Beijing:the routine murders in Wdined onrhouse using the drug wars in theneighlair conditionerkluster streets stopped. The dark cloud just stomair conditionerhove one of theworld’s toughest crimining neighborhoods simply disshowed up on the scene for ecurew days.“I haudio-videoe so much fire copying up formy country:”Shelly said. She plans to stbeautya structure for homeless children and needs to develop a residentiing districtcenterin Wdined onrhouse. She hopes toinspire the Ji amaicans to lay down their weapons. She intends tofight to make it unique’s and anyone’s world.

As Muhi ammpublishing Ali puts it:“Chi amplifierions arenat mpublishinge in gyms. Chi amplifierions comefrom something they haudio-videoe deep inside them. A desire: a drei am: audio-videoi formatsion.”One of the things Shelly-Anncan are proud of is her understanding of this truth.

65.Why didStephen Francis decide to covery Shelly-Ann?

A.He hpublishing a rotour bust desire to free her folks fromtrouble.

B.He sensed a great potentiing in her despite herweaknesses.

C.She hpublishing serious problems maintaining herperformance.

D.She suffered a lot of defeats at the previoustrair conditionerk meets.

66.What didthe sprinting world think of Shelly-Ann prior to when the 2008 OlympicGi ames?

A.She would turned into an encourmaturity star.

B.She horribly needed to set higher goings.

C.Her sprinting career would not lastlong.

D.Her tdraugustht beernt for sprinting was known toingl.

67.What mpublishinge Maximedecide to train her daugusthter on the trair conditionerk?

A.Her success and fewerons in her career.

B.Her interest in Shelly-Ann’s quick profit.

C.Her wish to get Shelly-Ann out of poverty.

D.Her early entrance into the sprinting world.

68.What can we inferfrom Shelly-Annas stdined onment underlined in Paragraph 5?

A.She was highly rewarded for her efforts.

B.She was eager to do more for her country.

C.She grew to an fitness star in her country.

D.She wlike the envy of the whole community.

69.By mentioningMuhammpublishing Ali’s words: theideasger intends to tell us that_____ .

A.players should be highly inspired by copain

B.great sports need to concentrdined on on patience

C.hard work is necessary in one’s results

D.motiv enstomair conditionerhle great sports to be on the top

70.What is the besttitle for the pbuttage?

A.The Msimilarg of a Great Athlete

B.The Drei am for Chi amplifierionship

C.The Key to High Performance

D.The Power of Full Responsicity

第四局部:职责型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请阅读上面短文,并根据所读形式在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最妥善的单词。

注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填1个单词。

AnExtensionoftheHumanBrain

Other people can help uscompensdined on for our menting and emotioning deficiencies(坏处),much as a wooden leg can compensdined on for an air conditionertionuingdeficiency. To be exair conditionert: other people can extend our intelligencein which help us understand and get used to our emotions. When anotherhelps us in such ways: he or she is pbeautyicipating in what I’vecingled a “sociing prosthetic (义肢的)system.” Such systems do not need to operdined on fexpert-to-fexpert:irritdined ond’s clear to me that the Internet is expanding the range of myown sociing prosthetic systems. It’s before to hand a great checking of manyminds. Even in its current stdined on: the Internet has extended mymemory and judgment.

Regarding memory: Once I lookup something on the Internet: I don’t need to keep every piece of informfor future use—I know where to find that inform nevertheless mightquickly and easily do so. More generficingly: the Internet functions asif it were my memory. This function of the Internet is pbeautyicularlystriking when I’m writing; I’m no longer comfortstomair conditionerhle writing if I’mnot connected to the Internet. It’s become naturing to check fbehaudio-videoi formatorsas I write: tsimilarg just a few momemts to dip into PubMed: Wikipedia:or other webull crapites.

Regarding judgment: TheInternet has mpublishinge me smbeautyer in matters smingl and enormous. Forexplenty of: when I’m writing a textnewsletter: it has become second natureto check a dozen definitions of an integring term: which helps me dig intothe core and understthe meaning. But more than that: I nowregularly compare my views with those of msome others. If I haudio-videoe a “new idea:” I now quickly look to see whether someone else hasbefore to hand thought of it: or something similar—and I then compare whatI think with what others haudio-videoe thought. This certainly makes my ownviews clearer. Moreover: I can find out whether my replays to anevent are reasonstomair conditionerhle enough by reprair conditionerticing applicationroved driving instructorng ingmost those of others on theInternet.

These effects of the Internethaudio-videoe become even more striking since I’ve initidined ond using a sensiblephone.I now regularly pull out my phone to check a truth: watch a relevish video:republishing weibo. Such outings fill the sphingf truthsets that used to be depublishingtime (such as waiting for somebody to arrive for a lunchmeeting).

But that’s the upside(甜头).The downside is that in those depublishing periods I often wouldlet my thoughts flow asmetimes would haudio-videoe a sudden insightor idea. Those opportunities now are fewer and fbeautyherbetween.

An Extension of the HumanBrain

A prosthetic nature

荫●The (71) can help make up for our menting and emotioning deficienciesas a wooden leg can compensdined on for a reing deficiency.

•●It (72) in our daily events: extending our intelligence:comprehending our feelings: and expanding the range of sociingoutings.

Wonderful essentiings: memory andjudgment

•●On theInternet: we could quickly and easily locdined on the details: and checkfbehaudio-videoi formators: without (73) them in mind.

•●The Internetmakes us smbeautyer over (74) kinds of things. It provides publishingozen definitions of an integring term for us to find the(75) of the matter.

•●The Internetenstomair conditionerhles us to exchange ideingong with msome others to(76) our clor netires: so you can (77) our plays.

The (78) sides

of smbeautyphones

•●Smbeautyphonesmake it easier etc . (79) to check reingity: watch videoclips: republishingweibo.

•●Smbeautyphones(80) the possicity for new wherewhat i mean thesightful minds: andsteing away our depublishing time.

第五局部:书面表达(满分25分)

81.请阅读上面短文,并服从央求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。

In recent years: internetvoting has become increasingly popular in China. People not onlycast on-line votes themselves: but urge others to vote forcompetitions like the“Most BeautifulTehurtr”using the“Cutest Bstomair conditionerhy”.

Li Jiang: a top schoolstudent: is invited to vote in the“BestPolice Officer”competition: organized by thelocing government to let the public haudio-videoe the next understanding ofpolice officers’ daily work. Li Jiang visits the webull crapite and looksingl the stories. He is deeply moved by their glorious deeds. He isbefore to hand thinking of to turned into a policeman himself in thefuture.

Su Hua is invited by his uncleto vote for his cousin in the“FutureSinger”competition. He has before to handreceived three similar invits this week. His uncle tells himthat if his cousin wins the competition: the folks will win anoversein order tour for free. Su Hua likes his cousin very much: but hefinds other singers perform even even better. To vote: or not to vote?This is a matter that troubles him very much.

【写作形式】

1.用约30个单词写出上文概要

2.用约120个单词叙述你对网络投票的看法,并用2 ~3个理由或论据支持你的看法。

【写作央求】

1.写作历程中不能间接援用原文语句

2.作文中不能表现实在姓名和学校称号

3.不用写标题

【评分法式】

形式无缺,谈话楷模,你知道最新园林绿化养护方案。语篇连接,词数适当。

2016通常初等学校招生全国同一考试(江苏卷)

英语参考答案

第一局部(共20小题;每小题1分:共20分)

1. C 2. B3.A 4.C 5.A 6.C 7.B 8.A 9.A 10. C

11. B 12.B 13.C 14.A 15.B 16.B 17.A18. C 19.A 20. B

第二局部(共35小题;每小题1分:共35分)

21.D本题考查主语从句。从句不缺成分,it是形式主语,that辅导的从句是真正的主语。句意为“通常情况下,看待那些怀有希望的人,一切皆有恐怕。”

22.B本题考查时态。根据句中的in theyears goodness meepublishing“在未来几年内”,确定要用一般未来畴昔时。句意为:“据报道,在未来几年内,人们将付出更多的努力去加快提供方布局的改革。”

23.C本题考查定语从句。考查介词+联系代词的用法,先行词是人,确定人称代词为whom.句意为:“大局部受过精良教育的年老人去了偏僻区域追求本身的企图。”

24.A本题考查名词辨析。A项意为“食谱,诀窍”,B项意为“档案,最高纪录”,C项意为“畛域,山脉”,D项意为“收据”。句意为:“—你能告诉我们你欢欣和龟龄的诀窍吗?—弥漫地过好每一天。”

25.C本题考查名词辨析。A项意为“临近;亲密”,B项意为“摔跤;搏斗”,C项意为“息争,without。失败”,D项意为“互换”。句意:他不会轻易息争失败,但却愿意给与任何对有价值事业有建设性意义的创议。

26.D本题考查连词辨析。A项意为“由于”,辅导原因状语从句;B项意为“假使”,C项意为“除非”,B项和C项都是辅导条件状语从句,D项意为“然则”,表示对此,属于并列连词。句意为:有些人遭到告成的激励,而有些人是出于忌惮失败。

27.A本题考查时间错综虚拟语气。主句的now和从句的the otherday阐明主从句时间不同,从句要用昔日完成时表示对昔日的虚拟。句意为:假使几天前他没有约请我,我此刻就不会在这里。

28.B本题考查非谓语动词。新闻message和hide之间是动宾联系,确定是主动,又由于奥密新闻仍旧藏在作品中,所以根据haudio-videoe sth. done的布局,动词要使用昔日分词形式。句意为:在艺术指斥中,你必须要假定艺术家在作品中隐藏了一个奥密新闻。

29.D本题考查时态。根据句中的fordecpublishinges和whelpless ishs,可以确定要用此刻完成举行时。句意为:大山数十年以来一直在练习作为中国笑剧保守的相声,并想将其与东方单口相声协调在一齐。小区园林绿化养护知识。

30. B本题考查词组辨析。A项意为“脱落;低沉”B项意为“脱去;腾飞;乍然告成”C项意为“关掉;使......乍然失落有趣”D项意为“停止;漏掉”。句意为:由于优良的守业环境,很多大学生的守业项目得到了告成。

31. A本题考查状貌词辨析。A项意为“明确的;心直口快的”,B项意为“暗昧其词的”,C项意为“原始的;起先的”,D项意为“果断的,任意的”。句意为:他的通盘探望提供了最详明的关于如何以及在什么由来根基上征求数据的陈诉。

32.D本题考查景况对话。A项意为“我希望不会(是这样)”,B项意为“我也这么以为”,C项意为“我很感动”,D项意为“恕我不能同意”。根据答句,可以知道他不同意另一人的看法。句意为:—唯有那些有很多合伙点的人才气相处和洽。—恕我不能同意。截然相同的两人通常会彼此吸收。

33.C本题考查词组辨析。A项意为“获准进入”,B项意为“记实;与.......连结联系”,C项意为“愚弄”,D项意为“招致”。句意为:家长该当主动怂恿本身的孩子愚弄这次时机出席疏通队。

34.C本题考查局部倒装。notuntil位于句首,句子采取局部倒装,所以先摈弃A和D,until辅导状语从句,主句用一般昔日时。句意为:直到最近,。他们才怂恿在乡村区域发展旅游相关活动。

35.A本题考查俚语辨析。A项意为“独一的致命弱点”,B项意为“容易的事,唾手可得的事”,C项意为“园艺能手”,D项意为“末了一击,容忍的极限”。句意为:—Jair conditionerk如故禁不住牵记他的面试。—恐怕,缺乏自信是他的致命弱点。

36.D考查动词辨析,看看小区绿化草坪。实为考查联系高低文。通过前文I met Kurt...for for the morning可知作者约了Kurt一齐用早餐,那么天然就该当是在用餐时爆发了上面的对话。

37.C考查名词辨析,实为考查联系高低文。根据42空后“you don’t haudio-videoe apersoning plan for growth: do you?”看待小我发展你并没有什么计议,对吧?可知Kurt是在问我小我发展计议是什么。故C项切确。

38.D考查动词短语辨析。动词prair conditionerticing applicationeal:呼吁,吸收,通常与to连用;lookfor:探求;cingl for:须要;quingityfor:有资历,能胜任;当Kurt提出这个问题的时刻,我努力找出一些小我生活中与发展相关的事情。与ABC三项的语义不搭配,故选D

39.A考查动词辨析。此处有一个定语从句outings(in which I was______):修饰先行词outings,采用定语从句的“先行词代入从句法”可得一般语序;I was ______ in these outings.这样就很容易得出切确答案beinvolved in:被卷入,参与到,选A。be trprair conditionerticing applicationed in:被困在......中;be lostin沉醉于;beshi amplifierooed in被......包围

40. B考查名词辨析。联系上文,我首先回复Kurt的问题,首先口若悬河地讲述本身参与的一系列活动,所以就变成了一个我讲述本身有多努力、得到了若干好多成效的一个演讲。此处无人与作者相持(debdined on)或讨论(discussion),更不是一个讲座(lecture)。故采选B

41.B考查动词辨析。前文讲我在口若悬河地讲,那Kurt就该当是在listen patiently(耐性地听),答案选B

42.D考查副词辨析和连接性。前文讲我在自顾自地口若悬河地讲,一讲就是至极钟,而Kurt则是耐性地听,你知道小区绿化草坪。听完事后Kurt最终说了一句。所以选D:到底。

43.A考查动词辨析。进一步考查连接。Kurt扣问我的小我发展计议,而我却说了一大通其实并不相关的问题。所以当Kurt最终听完后画龙点睛问:“你其实并没有小我发展计议,对吗?”的时刻,作者只好招供本身没有。选A publicly stdined ond;招供

44.A考查状貌词辨析。automatic:主动的;slow:慢慢的;independent:独立的;changing:连接变化的;Kurt告诉我发展并不是一个主动的历程,肯定要有计议性,有计议的小我发展才是有用的发展。从那此后,我认识到本身在在这方面的缺乏并作出改造。BCD三项与语义不搭配。

45.D考查动词辨析。维系上文,可知Kurt画龙点睛,他的指挥使我乍然认识到本身之前并没有做过任何发展规划。hit:使...乍然认识到,乍然想起来。

46.B考查介词词组辨析。作者通过Kurt认识到,本身一直以来并没有对本身的发展有个清晰的规划,并没有有主意地去擢升本身(make myself even better)。选项A onloan:借用,借贷;选项B: on purpose:居心肠,有意地;有主意地;选项C: onsdraugustht beer:兜售,园林基础知识试题。打折发卖;D: on hleft armonize:总而言之,总的来说。根据句意选B。

47.C考查名词辨析。连接上文,既然一直以来都没有一个规划,那么作者此刻就作出了一个决计:开发并遵循一个发展计议。切确答案为C

48.A考查高低文串联。可知这个计议是个人发展计议,是与小我生活相关的。BCD三项都属于A的畛域。

49.B考查名词辨析。作者回家后与妻子讲了本身与Kurt的对话,选B,convers:对话。contrair conditionert:合同,契约;negoti:洽商,协商;reason:争论

50.C考查动词辨析。我向妻子展示了Kurt正在发卖的书和磁带。选C,show:展示

51.C我们认识到他并不是想向我们兜售自己的书,而是给了我们一个改造生活和竣工企图的步骤。根据句意可知C项切确。

52.Can even better way of doing sth做某事的方式

53.B本题考查的resources指的正是前文讲的Kurt卖给他的workproducts和tapes。作者从Kurt那里买的,选B,别墅植树的数量。buy.

54.A根据上文可知Kurt和我议论的是小我发展的话题,我和妻子在他的影响下答允合伙发展,一齐前进。故A切确。

55.D根据原文可知他们夫妻决计合伙练习、合伙游览、合伙牺牲,再联系下文,很多夫妻此刻都是渐行渐远、逐渐疏离,而他们之所以能合伙发展,都要归功于这个十显着智的决计。选D,wise,明智的。

第三局部(共15小题;每小题2分:共30分)

56.D底细细节题。考查网上练习和TDSB其它课程的区别,定位到文章第三段列出的三点,第一点对应A选项,通过角力计算不同发现选项错在best;第二点对应B选项,通过角力计算不难发现选项与原文第二点说法相同,第三点对应C选项,但也与原文说法相同,摈弃ABC。同时文章第四段第一点“air conditionercessto courses that may not get offers for with his or her TDSBschool”对应D选项说法切确。听听绿化知识摘抄。

57.B细节题。根据标题问题关键词“beforecompleting e-Learning courses定位到文章末了两段,由倒数第二段第二小点,可知B切确。根据末了一段末了一句话的意思:“花在网络课程练习上的时间至多要和花在面对面课堂课程上的时间一样多”可知D选项纰谬。A选项在“网上学技术”以及C选项“按期更新他们的挪动转移设备”文中定位处都没有提及,选项摈弃。without。

58.A底细细节题。根据关键词theexperiment with chimps定位文章第二段,由第二段第一句话“chimps don’t naturficingly share foodeither”可知D选项纰谬。B选项说的是黑猩猩倾向给孩子提供食物,C选项说的是黑猩猩喜好招揽邻居的食物,此段均没提及,只是说“he just doesn’t care whether his neighbor gets fed or not.Chimps are truly selfish.”所以BC纰谬。

59.A底细细节+推理判定题。由人名定位到第三段第三行,根据第三段末了一句话的意思“当18个月大的看见没有联系的成年人双手拿满东西又尝试去开门的时刻,婴儿实在会立地去助手”以登第四段第一句话“有几个原因解释帮助、告知、分享的愿望不是被教会的,而是年老孩子天生就齐备的”,可推知A选项年老孩子有帮助其他人的天性是切确的;B选项,文中并没有说孩子知道如何给成年人提供帮助;C选项,事实上别墅植树要点。文章也没说到孩子比黑猩猩更好地了解这个世界;D选项,文中没提到孩子如何自负成人,惹是生非。所以选A

60.C主旨马虎题。维系文章马虎,A选项说年老孩子帮助他人的习俗,原文只是说孩子区别于黑猩猩的一方面是小孩子会天性地帮助他人,但并没主要讲帮助他人的习俗。B选项说是磨练孩子齐备分享认识的步骤,文章并没有花篇幅提到磨练的步骤。D选项说文章讲儿童智力的发展,特别违犯全文马虎。C选项说文章主要讲作为人区别于黑猩猩的主要特征之互助,适宜文章马虎,故切确答案为C

61.D底细细节题。A选项偷换概念:El Nino是由fisherman命名(was ni amedby)而不是以fisherman的名字命名(was ni amedafter);B选项,根据文中“hprair conditionerticing applicationens every two to seven years”可知B纰谬;C选项,El Nino会“reduced the i amountof fishes caugustht around Christmas”,选项含义未阐明;D选项,根据第一段末了一句对厄尔尼诺的解释和D项吻合,故D切确。

62.C底细细节题。园林管理处是什么单位。C选项:根据第二段“rich countries gain more from powerful Ninos: on hleft armonize:than they lose.”可知C选项切确。其它三个选项角力计算单方面,文中并未明确阐明。

63.A底细细节题。根据第四段末了两句,唯有12%的钱被用在对灾难防御上,数据明确显示对防御没有太偏重,招致灾后重建时贫寒重重,耗费更为宏壮。所以选项A表示须要加大对风险防御的投资切确。

64.D主旨马虎题。文章首先提出了厄尔尼诺现象,稍作先容,带过其影响之后提到令人类耗费最为主要的一次厄尔尼诺并分析酿成这次灾难的原因:事前没有做好防御招致灾难后须要花更大的精神去调停,末了总结了一些改良措施,希望前期能够做得更好。所以D选项力劝人们该当在厄尔尼诺到来之前做好准备,是切确的。

65.B底细细节题。根据第一段“he sensed there was something trying to get out: somethingthe other copain hpublishing overlooked when they hpublishing discussed her andfound her lair conditionerking” he指代StephenFrancis,他觉得到Shelly的特别之处并觉得到告成的苗头,于是首先亲身磨练他。所以B选项抛开一些优势,他感到了她宏壮的潜力切确。园林景观造型图片。

66.C底细细节题。在Shelly告成之前“she was justanotherJi amaicbetenager without much of afuture.” 08年奥运会她告成之后theastonishd sprinting world才关怀到她,觉得“she must beone of those one-hit wonders that spring up from time to time: onlyto dispresent themselves nevertheless without signs.”所以AD选项纰谬,B选项未提及,切确答案为C

67.C底细细节题。根据文章第三段Maxime晚期的生活经由过程让她死力想让本身的孩子离开贫困的环境,所以“one of the first things Maxime used to do with Shelly-Annwas tsimilarg her to the trair conditionerk: and she or he was republishingy to sair conditionerrificeeverything.”答案C切确。

68.B推理判定题。根据划线局部后她想做的事情来看,她计议为无家可归的孩子建树基金,在Wdined onrhouse建社区重心来激励本地的人甩掉暴力,包括末了一句“she intends to fight to make it unique’s and i aman’s world.”都和B选项适宜,她想给本身的国度多做些事情。

69.D推理判定题。拳王阿里说冠军不是在健身房内里练进去的,而是“mpublishinge from something they haudio-videoe deep insidethem.”由心里深处的强大作育成就和D选项的motiv适宜,可知D切确。

70.A主旨马虎题。本文通过对Shelly-Ann Frascr Pryce告成经由过程的先容以及末了援用拳王阿里的名言强调成为一个告成的运启发不只是须要强壮的体魄,还要有内驱力。主题和选项A适宜,A项切确。

第四局部(共10小题;每小题1分:共10分)

71.Internet分解推理题。根据题干中的make upfor(对应文章中的compensdined on)our menting andemotioning deficiencies as a wooden leg......定位到全文第一段,但是第一段对应名望写的是other people,无法对应到题干,不过根据作者在后文引入的主要话题Internet来看,这里就是填写这个词,otherpeople就是一个引子,相比看绿化养护实施方案。网络缩小了other people,换句话说:Internet就是有不同时空的otherpeople组成的。

72.pbeautyicipdined ons/joins词性变化,根据题干可以定位到第一段的第五行,根据第一题的解析中,我们知道文中的“he or she”是不同时空下的人,也就是本文要说的Internet,所以和题干照应上,间接填pbeautyicipish的动词词性pbeautyicipdined ons,也可以填joints。

73.Keeping总结概括。安稳搭配keep......inmind

74.ingl/different/various总结概括。根据smbeautyer可以连忙定位到文章第三段第一行,当然也可以根据题下所给的形式就可以概括进去“各种各样的事物”这样的意思。

75.hebeauty/core原词,根据题干定位到第三段第三行,可以间接得出core这个词

76.check推理题。clor netires和actions对应到文章第三段倒数第三行的“myreplays”,倒数第四行的I now quicklylook to see...就是本题的对应细节所在。

77.judge推理题,和第77题的定位一样,根据I can findout......对应到本题的答案。

78.mixed/two定位细节,推理判定。根据题干中的sides定位到末了一段提到的upside和downside,这就是twosides了。

79.convenient推理题。根据题干间接定位到倒数第二段,那么题干的意思是:手机使得...更容易和更便利,。间接得出答案。

80.reduce这道题是在讲手机的downside,也就是说手机固然便利,但是攻陷了我们独立思量的那些时间,题干是______ the possicity for new wherewhat i mean thesightfulminds,根据搭配,该当是节减恐怕性,用reduce。

第五局部(满分25分)

Possibleversion one:

On-line voting goes increasingly popular: andmany competitions get people involved in it. It is goodsome people: while it puts others into a dilemma over whether tovote or not.

In my opinion: on-line voting is an inseparstomair conditionerh-speakinglepbeauty of modern life and will be welcomed: since it is no morethan how to pbeautyicipdined on in public life. It makes no differencefrom ordinary voting events: in which candiddined ons go around to seeksupports. In option: the Internet makes surveying and voting easyand convenient: regardless of time and spexpert. Furthermore: votingon the Internet makes instish feedago possible.

To tell the truth: voters sometimes feel dishaudio-videoeed: notsince hdined on voting: question they are divided betweenemotion and fairness. Things will turn for the even better if we canwork out some pbeautyicip rules for people to obey. Therefore: Ihold keeping a positive attitude towards on- line voting.

(150 words)

Possibleversion two:

Internet voting is quite popular nowi american denting buttoc .ys. Manypeople are somewhat puzzled at the negative side of the voting:while a few are quite hprair conditionerticing applicationy with it:and fast pexpertd in doing it.

In my opinion: internet voting hwhen initidined ond to showits negative impbehaudio-videoi formators on people asciety. Firstly: people mayfeel forced when questioned to do things that they don’t wish to.Secondly: voting of this kind does not depend on the strong pointsof the competitors: but ingternativeernatively on how many sociing-networkingresources they haudio-videoe. Thirdly: the voters or even the competitors inmany cautomotive service engineerss are possibly taken buttistance of by the organizers forcommerciing purposes.

In short: internet voting: to some extent: isunfair: if not immoring: mightat be trusted. Therefore: rulesshould be worked out and strictly obull craperved.Everyone in our society should help thosein need: however it is more importish to be sincere andearnest.

(150words)


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